Thursday, August 20, 2009

Types of Forex Charts (Types of Charts)

There are 3 types of Forex charts:
1. Line Chart
2. Bar Chart
3. Candlestick Chart

Line Charts
A simple line chart draws a line from one closing price to the next closing price.

Here is an example of line chart for GBP/USD:

Bar Charts
A bar chart also showing closing prices, while simultaneously showing opening prices, as well as the highs and lows. The bottom of the vertical bar indicates the lowest traded price for that time period, while the top of the bar indicates the highest price paid.

Here is an example of a bar chart for GBP/USD:

A bar is simply one segment of time, whether it is one day, one week or one hour.

Bar charts are also calle "OHLC" charts, because they indicate the Open, the High, the Low and the Close for that particular currency. Here's an example of a price bar:
Candlestick charts

Candlestick charts show the same information as a bar chart, but in a prettier, graphic format.

Candlestick bars still indicate the high-to-low range with a vertical line. However, in candlestick charting, the larger block in the middle indicates the range between the opening and closing prices. Traditionally, if the block in the middle is filled or colored in, then the currency closed lower than it opened.

In the following example, the ‘filled color’ is black. For our ‘filled’ blocks, the top of the block is the opening price, and the bottom of the block is the closing price. If the closing price is higher than the opening price, then the block in the middle will be “white” or hollow or unfilled.

We don’t like to use the traditional black and white candlesticks. We feel it’s easier to look at a chart that’s colored. A color television is much better than a black and white television, so why not in candlestick charts?

We simply substituted green instead of white, and red instead of black. This means that if the price closed higher than it opened, the candlestick would be green. If the price closed lower than it opened, the candlestick would be red. In our later lessons, you will see how using green and red candles will allow you to “see” things on the charts much faster, such as uptrend/downtrends and possible reversal points.

Here is an example of a candlestick chart:

The purpose of candlestick charting is strictly to serve as a visual aid, since the exact same information appears on an OHLC bar chart. The advantages of candlestick charting are:
  • Candlesticks are easy to interpret, and are a good place for a beginner to start figuring out chart analysis.
  • Candlesticks are easy to use. Your eyes adapt almost immediately to the information in the bar notation.
  • Candlesticks and candlestick patterns have cool names such as the shooting star, which helps you to remember what the pattern means.
  • Candlesticks are good at identifying marketing turning points – reversals from an uptrend to a downtrend or a downtrend to an uptrend.


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